Steel Making Carbon Equivalent - To a good approximation, the weldability of steel can be estimated from its stone composition The most significant alloying element effecting weldability is carbon The effects of other elements can be estimated by equating them to an additional amount of carbon The total alloy content has
THE MAKING OF IRON AND STEEL 2 1 Overview Before undertaking a detailed study of the processes involved in steelmaking, it is helpful to have an overview of the whole operation, so that the inter-relation of the various steps can be seen in perspective 11 Location
Pig iron is divided into steel-making pig iron, which is intended for further processing to steel by various refining processes, and foundry pig iron, from which cast iron is produced by re-melting Directly Reduced Iron Directly reduced iron is a product of iron (steel) direct reduction from ores in the solid
Deform steel with large grains, then normalize to make grains small • Full Anneal (steels): Make soft steels for good forming by heating to get g, then cool in furnace to get coarse P • Spheroidize (steels): Make very soft steels for good machining Heat just below T E & hold for 15-25h Chapter 11 -40 a) Annealing b) Quenching Heat
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Sep 07, 2012 · Iron and steel production complete notes ebook free download pdf Together with coal and cotton, iron and steel were the principal materials upon which the industrial revolution was based
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